Dampak Kebijakan Program Gerbangsadu Mandara Provinsi Bali Terhadap Penanggulangan Kemiskinan

I Wayan Sudana, I Nyoman Wiratmaja, Wayan Gede Suacana, Diah Rukmawati

Abstract


Poverty is conditions of deprivation to fulfillment basic human needs i.e. needs of clothing, foods, and shelter, needs of healthy life and needs of education for children. To fulfill their needs, poor people is helpless not just because they didn’t have an asset as a source of income, but also situation of socio-economics, cultural, and politics that can’t give them a chance to escape from an endless poverty condition. As an effort to save and recover the condition of the poor, Provincial Government of Bali has formulated a strategy to countermeasures the poverty and that strategy called Gerbang Sadu Mandara (GSM) Program. The aim of this research is to know the impact of this Gerbang Sadu Mandara program to poverty with qualitative methods. Populations of this research is the village who recipient of this program in Gianyar District and the distribution of GSM spanned from 2012 to 2015 numbered 14 village by using a sampling technique of purposive quota sampling. The basis of this sampling strived to be able to represent a whole population. Several basis of consideration is (1) to reflect the representation of sub-district; (2) access or location of village who located near or away from the district capitol. In this research the needs of data is a primary and secondary data with data collecting technique through questionnaire observation technique to do an interview, focus group discussion and documentation technique. Next, the collected data analyzed using qualitative descriptive analysis with steps of data collecting and presentation, data reduction, data display, and verification and affirmation in the conclusion. Furthermore, theoretical review associated with theories of poverty, type of poverty, factors and obstacles of poverty countermeasures, paradigm error in poverty countermeasures, strategy of poverty countermeasures policy, cause of poverty and the pillars of poverty countermeasures. In general, the result of this research can be concluded that GSM program satisfied the community because people can feel the benefits in improving village infrastructure and strongly supports the strengthening of business capital that occupied by the community in daily activity.

Keywords: Poverty, Policy Strategy and Poverty Countermeasures

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