Women’s Position on the Hindu Law in the Vivaha Samskara System

Chandra Sagaran, Made Aripta Wibawa

Abstract


There are assumptions and interpretations which consider marriage as a part of the Panca Yajna, especially the Manusa Yajna, as Pawiwahan (marriage) involving human affairs (individual). Pawiwahan is included in the tiered samskara (rites of passages in one’s life and purification) system. The study discusses the women’s position in law of Hindu of Vivaha Samskara system. This study employs qualitative research method with normative law research design. To achieve objectives of the study, this study made use of statute approach and conceptual approach in collecting and analyzing the legal materials. The results show that women's position in the Vedas is highly respected although the law has always undergone modifications and change of material. In Hindu marriage system, sanctions are to be enforced for: impregnating biological children, having sexual intercourse in the temple, sexually assaulting an underage daughter (kanya wighna), sexually assaulting their own daughter (swaputribhajana), having sexual intercourse with biological mother (mater bhajana), killing women (yuwati wadha), abortion (bruhanahatya), and sexually assaulting underage children. All of these are considered great sins (Ati Pataka) according to Slokantara 15-17, whose sanctions are not included in the awig-awig adat (traditional custom rules).

Keywords


Women’s Position; Hindu Marriage System; Vivaha Samskara

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adlin, A. 2006. Menggeledah Hasrat Sebuah Pendekatan Multi Perspektif. Jalasutra. Jogjakarta.

Ailwood, S., Easteal, P., & Kennedy, J. (2012). Law’s indifference to women’s experience of violence: Colonial and contemporary Australia. Women’s Studies International Forum, 35(2), 86–96.

Arnaya, K. dkk. 2014. Memecah Kebisuan Agama Mendengarkan Suara Perempuan Korban Kekerasan Demi Keadilan. Komnas Perempuan. Jakarta

Asmariani, A. A. R. 2014, Pengaruh Modernisasi dan Peranan Agama Dalam Pembentukan Etika Dikalangan Remaja Masa Kini. Jurnal Teologi dan Filsafat, Brahma Vidya, IHDN. Denpasar

Brewer, S., & Dundes, L. (2018). Concerned, meet terrified: Intersectional feminism and the Women’s March. Women’s Studies International Forum, 69(March 2017), 49–55.

Coşkun, E. (2018). Criminalisation and prostitution of migrant women in Turkey: A case study of Ugandan women. Women’s Studies International Forum, 68(March), 85–93.

Eksana, S. 2012. Dharma Bhandu, Paramitha. Surabaya

Kaler, K. 1994. Butir Butir Tercecer Adat Bali 2. Kayumas Agung. Denpasar

Kang, A. (2013). The effect of gender quota laws on the election of women: Lessons from Niger. Women’s Studies International Forum, 41, 94–102.

Maswanara, W. 1999. Parasara Dharma Sastra. Paramita. Surabaya

Oladokun, Y. O. M., Adenegan, K. O., Salman, K. K., & Alawode, O. O. (2018). Level of asset ownership by women in rural North-East and South-East Nigeria. Women’s Studies International Forum, 70(June), 68–78.

Riyani, I., & Parker, L. (2018). Women exercising sexual agency in Indonesia. Women’s Studies International Forum, 69(January), 92–99.

Saputra, K. 2015. Babad Usana Bali Pulina. Pustaka Bali Post. Denpasar

Toktas, S., & O’Neil, M. Lou. (2015). Competing frameworks of Islamic law and secular civil law in Turkey: A case study on women’s property and inheritance practices. Women’s Studies International Forum, 48, 29–38.

Pudja, G dan Sudarta, T. R. 2004. Manawa Dhamasastra (Manu Dharmassatra) atau Veda smrthi, Paramitha. Surabaya

Wibawa, A. M. 2015. Transformasi Esoterik Padiksan Warga Pasek Secara Ritual Spiritual, Manikgni. Denpasar

Yasun, S. (2018). Does education enable underprivileged women to achieve real equality in property rights? A case study of inheritance rights of women in Turkey. Women’s Studies International Forum, 69(June), 100–114.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22225/scj.1.2.732.123-129

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Creative Commons License
Sociological Jurisprudence Journal is licensed under a
Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

View My Stats